How diabetes influences the maternity

embryoA recent Chinese study found the cause and proof for the effect of diabetic mothers on the maternity. Previous studies have revealed that offspring of diabetic mothers display a higher incidence of malformations and fetal death, even when a one-cell embryo is transplanted from a diabetic to a non-diabetic mother. Diabetic mothers’ oocytes tend to exhibit reduced glucose metabolism, compromised communication between cumulus cells and oocytes, mitochondrial malfunction, and a decreased ovulation rate, all of which can be traced back to reduced gene expression in the embryos.

A study by Qing-Yuan Sun and Zhao-Jia Ge of the Chinese Academy of Sciences shows that maternal diabetes impairs methylation of imprinted gene in oocytes. This is the first time that researchers have shown that poorly controlled maternal diabetes has an adverse effect on methylation of the maternal imprinting gene Peg3, contributing to impaired development in offspring.

For more information: Chinenese Academy of Science

Thomson Reuters’BRICS Report Confirm China’s Rise in Research Output and Impact

Last month Thomson Reuters released its report ‘Building Bricks: Exploring the global research and innovation impact of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Korea’. Among others, it confirmed the upward trend of Chinese research and innovation performances in the last five years (2007-2011). China’s output has always been impressive in the last years, but this report now also confirms that among the BRIC countries is also has a huge academic impact.

The following figure shows that China’s overall share in global publications has reached 11% (over 150.000). China’s scientific presence in the fields of Materials Science, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Geosciences is very obvious. In the first two areas, over one fifth of the world publications come from China.

Global Research Report: Building BRICKs

In terms of quality, Thomson Reuters counted 1131 highly cited papers in the year 2011 which is much higher than South Korea (328) and India (235). The diversity of the scientific fields in which China seems to excel is also striking which is shown in the figure below.

In addition to the traditional fields in engineering and natural sciences, Chinese publications are not only highly cities in the fields of Agricultural and Animal Sciences, Economics & Business, but also in Social Sciences, Psychiatry & Psychology and Environment & Ecology.

Global Research Report: Building BRICKs

China launches new funding round for S&T cooperation with Europe

Courtesy to Solarfeed.comThe Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) recently announced the 2013 round of the China-EU Science and Technology Cooperation Program. The ministry will make max. 3 million RMB (approx. EUR 370.000) available for EU-China cooperation projects to support the development of joint innovation centers, incubators, and cooperation platforms, from research and development to demonstration and the translation of research results.

The programme is open to Chinese applicants who should have a good cooperative relationship with their European partners. They are also required to have signed a cooperative agreement or letter of intent, containing separate clauses on intellectual property rights, or have signed a separate IPR agreement. The European side should consist of at least two cooperating institutions from at least two European Union Member States.

The 2013 China-EU S&T Cooperation Program especially welcomes applications in the following areas:

  • Urbanisation/transportation, including: green energy building, waste recycling applications, comprehensive city management integrated technology, new energy vehicles etc.
  • Renewable energy resources, including: solar energy, wind energy, smart power grids and storage, increased energy efficiency etc.
  • Information and communication technology, including: next-generation mobile communication, cloud computing, internet of things,high-performance supercomputers, internet security etc.
  • Health, including: clinical medicine/translational medicine, biomedicine, ageing population etc.

More details about this call can be found in Chinese on the MoST website. English translation of the call’s notice can be found here.

Research on Beidou’s Global Coverage Started

Beidou-constellationChina announced that it has started research works to expand coverage and services of Beidou, its domestically developed satellite navigation system, from the current Asia-Pacific region (read our previous report here)to the entire globe. It is expected the first experiment satellite for Beidou’s global coverage will be launched by the end of 2014, followed by three or four more others to test key technologies and to tackle any problem that might occur in real operational circumstances.

The BeiDou Navigation Satellite System is planned to complete by 2020 and will be able to provide open as well as customized global positioning, navigation and timing services by then.

China’s internet is a giant shopping mall

The spending power of China’s rising middle class is changing the global retail landscape. After increasing by 55% last year to $194 billion, China’s total online retail spending this year could surpass that of the U.S., making the mainland the world’s largest online shopping market. Check out this infographic to find out how much the average Chinese consumer spends via the Internet, what they buy, and how fast their e-consumption is growing.

china_online_consumer_01

Interesting to see that 12% of all online purchases are made via a mobile device.

The same infographic but then with a focus on US can be found here.