Huawei Launches Global NFV Open Lab

Huawei launched a Network Functions Virtualization (NFV) Open Lab in Xi´an, China. The NFV Open Lab is an open innovation center of ICT convergence dedicated to being open and collaborative, expanding joint service innovations with partners, and developing the open eco-system of NFV to aggregate values and help customers achieve business success.

From Huawei’s perspective, the main added values from NFV are that it will break the isolation of traditional telecommunications networks, shorten innovation cycles, reduce operating costs and create an open industry chain, which requires processes for open standardization and open source cloud technology.

Huawei NFV Open Lab

With this new initiative Huawei aims at stimulating innovation, industry development and collaborative benefits for global telecom networks supporting NFV/Software Defined Networking (SDN) and cloud-computing technologies.

Read more: Huawei

 

China on their way to become a key Antarctic player

Antarctica, Earth’s southernmost continent, containing the geographic South Pole is thought to be rich in oil, gas and mineral reserves. Since 1959 the Antarctic Treaty, currently signed by 50 countries, protects this area by prohibiting military activities, mineral mining, nuclear explosions and nuclear waste disposal. Besides, it supports scientific research and protects the ecozone of the continent. Ongoing experiments are conducted by more than 4,000 scientist from many nations, among China.

China’s ambitious research program includes the focus on Climate Science and Antarctic Science. In 2014, China opened its fourth research station and plans to establish a fifth to be completed by 2016. Aside from China, Australia has three permanent research bases and United States, Britain and Russia are among other countries with permanent research bases on the southern continent. The Polar Research Institute of China implements some specific scientific research programs, operates the Antarctic facilities and provides logistics support, as well as managing the Chinese polar science database. The Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration (CAA) also calls on universities and research institutes across the country to participate in Chinese National Antarctic Program in various scientific areas.

China in Antarctic

Recently a new tussle for Antarctic exploration has begun and China is stepping up as a most ambitious player. According to Professor Tony Worby from the Antarctic Climate Systems & Cooperative Research Centre, China signaled very clearly that they intend to be a key Antarctic player.

More information: ABC Australia news

Air pollution, growing awareness of the fundamentals

China’s inhabitants increasingly face exposure to air pollution. So far, there are very limited studies that address either the cause or the consequences within the pollution levels observed in China. Breathing in fine dust, especially Particular Matter 2.5 (PM2.5), has a proven impact on respiratory function and overall health.

Whereas the WHO considers values below 25 microgram/cubic meter (ug/m3) safe, Beijing experienced, on average, 231 ug/m3 PM2.5 in the second week of January 2013. In September 2014, a consortium of researchers from China, Hong Kong, Italy and Switserland published an extensive report in Nature, on their analysis of the early 2013 pollution haze in China. The study cites a high number of Chinese reports and studies, including one showing an increased hospital visit that exactly overlaps during intense pollution periods.

The results show that the pollution was strongly driven by emissions of so-called secondary aerosol precursors. Reduction in such emissions would clearly benefit the air quality; estimated was that these contribute to 30 to 77% of the particular matter concentrations in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Xi’an.

Secondary aerosol precursors are released after burning fossil fuel or biomass. These are not particles that are released as matter directly into the air, such as ash, but are formed after conversion of (organic) compounds in chemical reactions to form sulfates, ammonium compounds, etc.

The Chinese government has published its goal to reduce particulate matter-based air pollution by 25% compared to 2012 levels. The authors of the study note that this could be achieved by reducing secondary aerosol emissions.